Staircase Types You Need to Know Before Constructing Your Dream Property

Staircase Types You Need to Know Before Constructing Your Dream Property

26th September 2019

Staircases are, by default, the fundamental part of any building with more than one level. There are several types of stairs used in different homes and commercial buildings, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. 

Your budget, preference, and the purpose of your building will determine the type of staircase to build. Learn of the different types below to help you make an informed decision for your property.  

  1. Straight Stairs

These stairs are typically, on the basic design, the easiest to build and to ascend or descend. You won’t require any intermediate supporting structure as you’ll only connect them at the bottom and the top. Installing handrails and railings is also much easier. However, if you’re to raise the staircase more than 12 feet high, or if the number of risers exceeds 16 (the usual standard), you’ll be required to add a central landing. Straight staircases with a central landing are common with commercial buildings. You can alter the visual appeal of your straight staircases with inclusion of metal cable railings, modern materials, or open risers.

If you’re looking for a choice that provides safe and easy access solutions to roof obstruction areas such as parapet walls, plant areas, gutters, pipe work, or production lines, you can consider using a step unit & up and over stairs to enhance the safety of your employees, as per the Work at Height Regulations (2005).       

  1. L Shaped Stairs

Also known as quarter-turn stairs, L shaped staircases consist of a straight staircase with a landing added at the bend transition point at some portion. In some instances, the landing is closer to the bottom or top of the staircase, forming a long L staircase. Though they’re a bit more complex to build (including the handrails) than straight staircases, they’re more safe and convenient. Why is this so? 

  • You can stop and rest on the landing as you ascend.
  • You can design it to be at the corner of the room.
  • In case of a fall, the presence of the central landing will reduce the number of treads the victim could fall. 
  1. Spiral Staircase

If you’re after a space-saving and attractive choice of the staircase for your residential or commercial building, a spiral staircase can be your solution. It’s ideal for smaller apartments or homes, especially where durability and safety are at a premium. It doesn’t require a large footprint, hence, easy installation. Plus, you’ll have a variety of railing styles to choose from to give your property a lasting visual appeal. For improved walkability, consider increasing the outside diameter, up to about 5 feet. 

  1. U-Shaped Stairs

These include two parallel staircase flights going in opposite directions to make a 180-degree turn, and a landing at the switchback. They are popular for their ability to take up less linear floor space and be designed at the corners of a building. They also provide a sizable landing and some architectural interest. Building this type of staircases can be a bit more complex than other simpler types discussed here.   

  1. Curved Stairs

This type can be your go-to design if you’re interested in adding elegance to your residential or commercial building. And you’ll perhaps locate them on or near the entrance of your building to bring out that first impression. Traversing these staircases are much easier, especially if the radius is quite large. They can cause a big dent on your finances to build them, but can actually be worth the investment.