A Complete Guide to Improving Construction Safety Using Job Hazard Analysis
The construction industry is one of the most dangerous industries available. Employers and safety professionals are constantly working on ways to eliminate hazards or reduce their consequences to ensure the safety of their workforce and clients. Conducting a job hazard analysis is proven to be effective for mitigating potential hazards and keeping the workers safe. The following guide contains everything you need to know about how to improve construction safety using job hazard analysis.
Break the Project Down into Individual Tasks
After deciding on the tasks to perform in your project, it’s important to break them down into individual sequential tasks. You may decide to employ a safety professional to take care of your workplace safety. The professional will take notes of all the processing steps in the workplace to ensure everything is done in the right manner. You may take a video of the process to ensure you have cross-checked the process followed and you haven’t missed a step.
Identify Potential Hazards
Once you have broken down the tasks into individual tasks, you’ll need to identify the potential hazards. You may need to involve the workers in the analysis since they are familiar with the tasks in the steps and are aware of the tasks. To ensure you have accounted for all the hazards in your workplace and eliminated the hazards that you can do without, you need to involve all the workers and conduct frequent inspections across different sections of your workplace. When conducting the inspection, ensure to consider the possibilities of the hazard and its frequency, the contributing factors, its frequency, and the consequences.
Assess Each of the Risks
Identifying the hazards is only halfway towards ensuring the safety of the processes in your workplace. You need to conduct a risk assessment of every hazard to identify the probability of the hazard occurrence and the severity of the injuries in case of an accident. Assessing these risks will help determine the preventive measures to be implemented to mitigate the hazards. The hazards with higher risks should be given priority over those with low chances of occurrence. The assessment is also vital for safety training purposes. The hazards with higher occurrence should be given priority in the training program. When conducting the assessment, you need to ensure you’ve accounted for your safety and that of your workforce. For instance, you’ll need to install step units to ensure easy and convenient access to rooftop equipment and other pieces of equipment installed on elevated surfaces.
Implement Preventative Measures
You’ll need to determine and implement measures to mitigate the hazards identified above. The priority should be towards eliminating the hazards whenever possible. However, if the elimination would be impossible, focus on containing the hazards using engineering controls or by applying methods such as changing the project sequence or modifying or adding the processing steps. The next step involves reducing exposure to the hazards and could include limiting the amount of time the employees will be allowed to work at a particular project or use personal protective equipment (PPE). This works to reduce the potential and consequences of injuries in case of injuries. The job hazard analysis can help to identify and eliminate construction site hazards. The hazards can also be used to create safety training topics to be administered to the workforce to ensure and improve safety in the workplace.