First Aid Kits on Construction Sites

First Aid Kits on Construction Sites

04th June 2018

Anybody working in the construction industry in the UK will be aware of the safety risks involved and should have undergone enough health and safety training to know how to avoid the dangers.  Despite the fact that here in the UK we enjoy strict legislation designed to make working in construction as safe as possible, accidents still occur which are responded to by staff trained in first aid.  Anybody responsible as a duty holder on a construction project has a duty of care to employees and all external contractors and visitors to the site. 

.An appointed person should take charge of all first aid requirements and all workers must be aware of who the appointed person is (and the names of any other first aiders) and where to find them.  The best way to do this is with a notice in the site hut/break room

The appointed person is responsible for looking after first aid equipment and facilities and calling emergency services when required.  The appointed person will also be expected to provide emergency cover where a first aider is absent unexpectedly (this does not mean on annual leave), although the appointed person does not necessarily need first aid training.

A first aider is a person who has undertaken first aid training and holds a qualification approved by the Health and Safety Executive.  This means they should hold a valid certificate of competence either in First Aid at Work (FAW) issued by an HSE-approved training organisation or Emergency First Aid at Work (EFAW) issued by an HSE-approved training organisation or a recognised Awarding Body of Ofqual/Scottish Qualifications Authority.

When it comes to how many first aiders should be on an individual construction site, this depends on the size of the workforce, as follows:

Number of Employees

Number of First Aiders Required

Fewer than 5

At least one appointed person

5 – 50

At least one first aider trained in EFAW or FAW, depending on the type of injuries that may occur.

More than 50

At least one first aider training in FAW for every 50 people employed


When it comes to First Aid kits, there should always be more than one kit onsite and the number necessary is dependent on the size of the workforce – the first aid kits must be sufficient to cope with the number of workers onsite.  First aid kits should be located in prominent positions around a construction site so that they are easy to find during an emergency.  When it comes to the high risk industries like construction, the number of first aid kits on site should be as follows:

  • Small size kit – fewer than 5 employees
  • Medium size kit – 5 – 25 employees
  • One large size kit per 25 employees – more than 25 employees.

Make sure that all first aid kits comply with the British Standard BS 8599-1 and each first aid kit should contain the following items:

  • Gloves
  • A variety of dressings in both medium and large sizes
  • Crepe bandages
  • Triangular bandages
  • Sterile gauze swabs
  • Wound washing solution
  • Eye pads
  • Eye baths
  • Sharp and blunt scissors
  • Instant ice packs
  • Deep freeze spray
  • Emergency foil blanket
  • Safety pins
  • Resuscitation face mask.